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Salákian Latin Alphabet and Pronunciation

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The tables below illustrate the Salákian alphabet and pronunciation thereof.

Salákian Latin alphabetEdit

A B C D E F G (GU) H I K (KU) L M N O P R S (SH, SU) T U KS Z

Salákian Latin IPAEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Letter(s) Environment IPA Native English
Phonemic notation Phonetic notation
b in all cases /b/ b bellum bean
c1, † in all cases /ch/ ciao chin
d in all cases /d/ d dekem deck
f in all cases /f/ f fakio fan
g in most cases /g/ g gravis gear
before /n/ [ŋ] ignis igneous
gu1 before a vowel /gᶣ/ gw guardia Gwen
h in all cases /h/ h habeo her
i in all cases /j/ j iús yodel
k unaspirated /k/ k kaput scar
aspirated2 /kʰ/ kh karta car
ku digraph /kᶣ/ [kw] kuí (nom.) quest
l in most cases /l/ l loka leave
doubled [ɫ] multa all
m in all cases /m/ m manus man
n in all cases /n/ n noster next
p unaspirated /p/ p paks span
aspirated2 /pʰ/ [ph] paretra par
r in most cases /r/ r drakó dragon
word-initially
after /g, n, s/
ʀ regio run
s in all cases /s/ s sum send
sh1, † in all cases /sh/ ʃ fasce shy
su digraph /sᶣ/ [sw] Suétónia swear
t unaspirated /t/ t tabula Stan
aspirated2 /tʰ/ [th] talama tar
u in all cases /w/ w uerbum west
ks in all cases /ks/ ks niks ox
z2 in all cases /z/ z zélus zest

Notes to the table above

  1. The affricate /ch/, labialized /gᶣ/, and sibilant /sh/ are Italian derivations.
  2. The aspirated consonants (/kʰ, pʰ, and tʰ/) and fricative /z/ are Greek derivations.

VowelsEdit

Letter IPA Salákian English
Phonemic notation Phonetic notation
Monophthongs
a /a/ a anima hat Received Pronunciation (RP)
á /aː/ áker father
e /e/ ɛ est met
é /eː/ ɛː élektus made
i /i/ ɪ inkipit mit
í /iː/ ɪː íra meet
o /o/ ɔ omnis lot (RP)
ó /oː/ ɔː daemón code
u /u/ ʊ urbs put
ú /uː/ ʊː lúna moon
Diphthongs
ae /ae̯/ [aɛ̯] aetás eye
au /au̯/ [aʊ̯] aurum ow
eu /eu̯/ [ɛʊ̯] seu eh-oo
oe /oe̯/ [ɔɛ̯] poena boy
ui /ui̯/ [ʊɪ̯] kui (dat.) oo-ee
Long Nasal vowels
V before word-final (m)
V+n before (f) or (s)
/long vowel/ [◌̃ː] monstrum

ProsodyEdit

IPA Examples Info
ˈ Gāius
/ˈɡa.i.us/
Placed before the stressed syllable.
.+ Syllable marker, generally between vowels in hiatus

Notes to the tables above regarding Furcadia character descriptions
† This phonetic notation echoes the phonemic notation.
‡ This appears as [ll].
∞ A short monopthong matches its alphabetical transcription; a long standard monopthong matches its short counterpart's alphabetical transcription with a trailing colon (:); a long nasal monopthong matches its short counterpart's alphabetical transcription with a trailing semicolon (;); and a diphthong matches its alphabetical transcription with a trailing comma (,).
≠ Appears as a full stop (.)
+ Appears as an apostrophe (').

StressEdit

To determine stress, consider the final syllable as extra metric; then place the accent on the syllable with the penult metric mora. For example:
Konditum ("founded") <ko•n—di—tum> ['kɔn.dɪ.tʊ̃ː]
Kondítum ("seasoned") <ko•n—di•i—tum> [kɔn'dɪː.tʊ̃ː]
Konduktum ("brought together") <ko•n—du•k—tum> [kɔn'dʊk.tʊ̃ː]

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