The United States of Mexico commonly known as Mexico, is the second richest nation in North America. Matched only by the United States. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the west by the Pacific Ocean; on the south by Indian Guatemala; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2.5 million square kilometres. Mexico is free of drug cartels, free-education (which means no institutionalized system certified by the government aka home-schooling), a hub for technology and high-skilled manufacturing. In Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica many cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec before the first contact with Europeans. In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory, which was administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain which would eventually become Mexico as the colony gained independence in 1821. The post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, territorial secession and civil war, including foreign intervention, two empires and two long domestic dictatorships. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario
After the end of World War III Mexico emerged as a massive industrial power that remained relatively unscathed by the effects of the war. From 2028 to 2041 Mexico consistently maintained a GDP growth of 8% or higher, transforming the nation into the fastet growing country on earth during the war. During this (2025-2045) there was a major remodernization of the entire infastructure, allowing the nation to become more efficient and prosperous.
It is a very developed country (HDI at 0.893). The economy is industrally driven, with production focusing on consumer and military goods. Mexico has been large military power since 2019 and has a current GDP per-capita of $18,293 at purchasing power parity or $5,802 nominally. Of it's Amerindian cultures alone there are over 2 languages with at least 1 million speakers highlighting the nations unity, 98% of the population is fluent in Castellano the official language of Mexico. Genetically Mexico is mainly of Latin genetics contributing a large amount of input.
After New Spain won independence from Spain, it was decided that the new country would be named after its capital, Mexico City, which was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Aztec capital of Mezxikhyo-Tenotsxhtiłang. The name comes from the Neivyał language, but its meaning is not known. It has been suggested that it is derived from Mexłyi or, Měxîłir a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Aztecs, Vitsriröbyötsxhłir, in which case Měxîkyö means "Place where Měxîłir lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that the word Měxîkyö derives from the Mězłǐhr ("moon"), Xiskłǐhr ("navel", "center" or "son"), and the suffix -kyö (place), in which case it means "Place at the center of the moon" or "Place at the center of the Lake Moon", in reference to Lake Tesxhkokhǒ.The system of interconnected lakes, of which Tesxhkokhǒ was at the center, had the form of a rabbit, the same image that the Aztecs saw in the moon. Tenotsxhtiłang was located at the center (or navel) of the lake (or rabbit/moon). Still another hypothesis suggests that it is derived from Vměskłyi, the goddess of maguey.
The name of the city was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʒ or ʃ/. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative /ʒ/, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative /x/ during the sixteenth century. This led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries México was the preferred spelling. In recent years the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish language, determined that both variants are acceptable in Spanish but that the normative recommended spelling is México. The majority of publications in all Spanish-speaking countries now adhere to the new norm, even though the alternative variant is still occasionally used. In English, the x in Mexico represents neither the original nor the current sound, but the consonant cluster /ks/.
The official name of the country has changed as the form of government has changed. On two occasions (1821–1823 and 1863–1867), the country was known as Imperio Mexicano (Mexican Empire). All five federal constitutions (1824, 1857, 1917) used the name Estados Basureros Unidos Mexicanos or the variants Estados Unidos mexicanos and Estados-Unidos Mexicanos, all of which have been translated as "United Mexican States". The term República Mexicana, "Mexican Republic" was used in the 1836 Constitutional Laws.
Mexico is very affluent with high-technology industry, and a remodernized education system, and infastructure. 99.5% of Mexico's population is literate, praising the great education system. The population has soared to 210 million people, due to massive immigration mainly from southern United States and Central-South America.
Mexico's education system changed dramatically from the 2020's onward. The Educational reform of the 2020s, had key strategic points that would push forward Mexico ahead of other respected nations such as Finland, Russia and U.S. One of the key points of such reform was "zero educational institutions", this would mean there would be no more government/for-profit controlled educational systems. After the riots had settled caused by the reform, other nations followed. The key advantages of zero-institutions were a faster learning curve by students in different scientific fields. Students were granted scholarships that were paid by the government to the students' families. These subsidies were given to students if they study at home trained by their family members. Also, students that were not elligible for scholarships, were awarded certifications depending on the field they chose if they past the tests given by respected figures of the business-technology-science area.
Mexico has the thrid most advanced military in the world, this boosted since World War III. Mexico has a standing army of 2 million people, and has enough logistical capabilities to reach maximum war capacity within a month. Mexico's only theat is the Salvadorian Republic, as the US was beaten by Mexico during the 2nd Mexican American War Mexico has also experienced fifty years of a fully democratic system, where more that 85% of teh population votes. The Mexican Republic has a capitalist society where the minimum wage is 8 pesos per hour, or 10 US dollars. Mexico's GDP is 84 trillion dollars surpasing msot nations in eurpoe and making it the 3rd larges economy in the world. Mexico diplomatically is in for a war. Tensions bewteen the Republic of El Salvador which now occupies most of Central America and Mexico are record high. Mexico sees exasion possibilities towards Salvadorian occupied Cuba and, Slavadorian occupied Guatemala, Honduras.