The Jinavian Imperial Church is the Christian Church that acknowledges the primacy of the Archbishop of Saint Basilsburg, as the Successor of Peter in the chair of Saint Basilsburg. The Jinavian Imperial Church is based on Sacred Scriptures and Tradition - a broad term that includes the Creed, the doctrines of the Thirty Ecumenical Councils, the writings of the Fathers of the Church, the canonical laws of the Imperial Saints, the liturgical books, etc.
Brief Doctrine of the Imperial Church Edit
The Imperial Church affirms the existence of one God Almighty Creator of the universe and humanity. The man has free will, able to choose between good and evil. God has revealed his Law to the people of Israel first and then through Jesus Christ, the Son of God who shares the divine nature with God himself, the other peoples of the Earth.
God has authority over all the universe and especially on his Church. His sovereignty is recognized by His people who willingly submit to Him in what He commands them.
According to the doctrine, the work of Jesus Christ continues in the Imperial Church, led by the Holy Spirit and formed by God for the salvation of the nations of the Empire of Jinavia. This is achieved with the teachings and the sacraments through which God provides grace. The Imperial Church in the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church "Lumen Dei gentibus" claims to be «the one Church of Christ in the Empire of God Ultor, independent and in fair and just communion with the Bishop of Rome».
Behind the Imperial Nation there is God, just as there is the demon behind his enemies. Tradition is not only a collection of texts and legal rules or documents from an authority but a life that runs through and gives meaning to the Church, a life witnessed and seen by the example of Faith.
The Empire and the Emperor Edit
The Church is not a sacramental community separate from the political community, since it operates in both of the same divine reason, and so both must be the same community, joined by the emperor under the guidance of God.
The Empire is identified with the Jinavian Church in the end of Imperial unity. The Empire is the imitation of the heavenly monarchy: in it the Emperor is God's representative, unites the Imperial authorities and the Magisterium of the Church.
The Empire itself corresponds to the divine plan: the political unity of the universe that must be made by the Empire is a necessary condition so that we can spread the truths of religion and worldly happiness. Between the heavenly and the earthly monarchy there are close links: as there is only one God, so there must be only one Emperor, just as there should be one law, one of the Empire. Therefore, the Emperor is the legitimate head of the Church as its main task is to guard the integrity and watch over it, even if the internal discipline is entrusted to the Church itself.
The Emperor has supreme power on the spiritual and material interests of his subjects, and therefore the Church is inscribed in the state. The exercise of power is very closely connected with the practice of virtue and the model of choice for those in power is Christ. The imperial authority is the manifestation of divine power.
The emperor is the supreme head by law of the Christian Church Imperiale. While the Church is the conduct of men to eternal life belongs to the emperor, however, the task of leading them to earthly happiness.
Organization of the Imperial Church Edit
The Imperial Church is composed of all its baptized.
The dioceses are entrusted to a Bishop, who is considered the successor of the apostles. At the head of the college of bishops is the Bishop of Saint Basilsburg, Patriarch of the Empire, who is considered the successor of Peter, and the Emperor, the head of the Church.
Dioceses are further divided into parishes, governed by the priests. The imperial church structure is organized in a hierarchy of levels of the sacrament of Holy Orders. In descending order they are:
- Bishop, who represents the succession of Apostles;
- Priest, working with the Bishop as his deputy
- Deacon,collaborates with the bishop and priests in the service mode .
These orders together with the minor orders are on the whole the clergy. They are not sacraments, or ranks of holy orders, certificates and other charges that are attributed to members of the clergy according to the assignment entrusted to them.
The presbyter is among the ministers who received, in a specific order, the mandate to preside over the worship, leading the Christian community and proclaim the Word of God. The priesthood is the sacrament of Holy Orders of the second degree.
Every priest in the Church is hinged in a diocese or an institute of consecrated life, under the authority of a diocesan bishop or religious superior. The overall category of persons who have received the sacrament of Holy Orders, is called the Clergy.
The priests who work directly under the Bishops form the secular clergy. Those who are part of an order or a religious congregation constitute the regular clergy.
The theological status of the priest is that of participation in the ministry of the Bishop, as cooperation in the service of the Gospel. The presbyterate is the second degree of the sacrament of Holy Orders, which was instituted by Jesus Christ himself.
Pastoral Collaborator Edit
The Pastoral Collaborator is a priest who assists the pastor in managing the activities of the parish. The Pastoral Collaborator is appointed by the Bishop when there is need for a priest to celebrate the Mass and to collaborate in pastoral activity.
The Pastoral Collaborator does not assume the tasks of management and administration of a parish rectory but pastoral. In most cases they are appointed pastoral assistants of priests already elderly or pending appointment.
A chaplain is a priest attached to a secular institution such as a hospital, prison, military unit, police department, university, or a private chapel in castles or residences. The curate is a Chaplain holding a curacy, or a chapel with its own assets, dependent on a mother church, but who got the baptismal font and the cemetery and a resident chaplain. The curate depends on a Parson, but has wide autonomy.
Parochial Vicar Edit
A Parochial Vicar is a priest who is sent by the diocesan Bishop to assist the Parson. The parochial vicars are dedicated to the pastoral ministry as supporters of the pastor, under his authority. The Parochial Vicars help the Parson throughout the pastoral ministry, except as regards the application of the Mass for the people, is also obliged to replace him, when appropriate. The assistant priest shall report regularly to the parish pastoral initiatives planned and underway, so the Parson and vicars are able to provide, with joint efforts, to the pastoral care of the parish.
The Parson is the priest who the Bishop sends to preside over a parish.
The authority of the Parson is dependent on that of the Bishop, to realize that these guidelines proposes to his diocese. When a Parson has some jurisdiction over the neighboring parishes, or presiding over a chapter canon, takes the title of Moderator, provost, dean or archpriest. The same headlines can often be attributed partly for reasons of honour.
The Parson is the pastor of the parish entrusted to him, exercising pastoral care of this community under the authority of the diocesan bishop, with whom he is called to participate in the ministry of Christ, to perform community service functions of teaching, sanctifying and rule, with the cooperation of other priests or deacons and with the contribution of the lay faithful, under the law.
The Parson is appointed by the Bishop for a period of twelve years. Prior to the expiration of twelve years, the Bishop does not, however, have the power to revoke it, except for compelling reasons. When circumstances require, however, the Bishop may invite the Parson to resign, if there are proportionate reasons.
The title "dean" is conferred upon a Parson who serves as a senior figure, though usually without specific jurisdictional authority, over a section of a Diocese. These are sometimes referred to as "rural deans", and are expected to show a degree of leadership among the pastors of the region, known as a deanery. An episcopal vicar serves a similar function, but has more formal authority and specific powers.
The members of the chapter of a cathedral or of a collegiate church are Canons. A canon is a member of the chapter of priests, headed by a Provost, which is responsible for administering a cathedral or certain other churches that are styled collegiate churches. The Provost and chapter are the formal body which has legal responsibility for the cathedral.
The title of Canon is given in many dioceses to senior Parsons as an honorary title. It is awarded in recognition of long and dedicated service to the Diocese. Honorary Canons are members of the chapter in name but are non-residential and receive no emoluments. They are entitled to call themselves canon and have a role in the administration of the cathedral.
The office of Provost in the Church falls under the category of prelate a rank little minor to Bishop: it is only an honorary title.
Chaplain of His Holiness Edit
The Chaplain of His Holiness is an honorary title that is given to a special concession of the Holy See to the priests. It is usually granted at the request of the bishop of the diocese for priests considered worthy. It is common practice its attribution to priests also very old, or who have distinguished themselves, not infrequently granted to priests with noble origins.
The title may be granted to secular clergy who are at least 35 years of age and 5 of priesthood. For every diocese, the total number of Chaplains of His Holiness and priests of other honors awarded may not exceed 10% of the clergy.
The Chaplain of His Holiness the title of Reverend Monsignor and can be distinguished from other priests because of his garments.
Prelate of Honour of His Holiness Edit
The Prelate of Honour of His Holiness is an honorary title that is given to a special concession of the Holy See to the priests. It is granted at the request of the bishop of the diocese for priests deemed worthy, although very rarely in comparison with the honorary title of Chaplain of His Holiness. The Prelate of Honour enjoy the honorary title of "Reverend Monsignor."
The title may be granted to priests who are at least 45 years of age and 15 of priesthood. The candidate must be requested before the title of Chaplain of His Holiness and then the Prelate. Between a degree and the other must be at least 10 years. For every diocese, the total number of Monsignors does not exceed 10% of the clergy.
Prothonotary Supernumerary Apostolic Edit
The Prothonotary Apostolic is the recipient of an Patriarchal honorific. All Protonotaries hold special honorary rights. The Protonotarii Supernumeraries Apostolic are priests appointed individually to a special indult of the Holy See.
This is the higher of the honorary titles of the priesthood. It is usually granted at the request of the bishop of the diocese for priests deemed worthy, although very rarely in comparison to other honorary titles. The title may be granted to secular clergy who are at least 55 years of age and 20 of priesthood. Typically, you must comply with the "gradual" you must request that the candidate before the title of Chaplain of His Holiness and then the Honorary Prelate of His Holiness. Between a degree and the other must be at least 10 years.
For some cases of particular merit and significant, the Bishops may directly request the title of Prothonotary Apostolic Supernumerary, without prejudice to the condition that the candidate has completed at least 55 years of age and 20 of priesthood. For every diocese, the total number of Monsignors does not exceed 10% of the clergy.
The Protonotaries Apostolic supernumeraries enjoy the honorary title of "Very Reverend Monsignor."
The bishops, who possess the fullness of the priesthood, are as a body (the College of Bishops) considered the successors of the Apostles and are «constituted Pastors in the Church, to be the teachers of doctrine, the priests of sacred worship and the ministers of governance». The Patriarch of the Empire himself is the Archbishop of Saint Basilsburg.
The Bishop is the pastor of a diocese and, also individually, is considered a successor of the apostles. The episcopate is the first and highest rank of the Clergy. The bishops are also considered as the successors of the apostles from the perspective of pastoral and sacramental role. The church which a bishop exercises his teaching is called "Cathedral".
The typical role of a Bishop is to provide pastoral governance for a diocese. Other bishops may be appointed to assist ordinaries (auxiliary bishops and coadjutor bishops) or to carry out a function in a broader field of service to the Church, such as appointments as officials in the Holy Patriarchal See.
The Bishops, that by divine institution are successors of the Apostles through the Holy Spirit which was given to them, are constituted pastors of the Church, that they also teachers of doctrine, priests of sacred worship and ministers of the government.
The service of the bishop is developed along three lines, starting with the three characteristics of Christ (kingship, prophecy, priesthood):
- Royal feature (governing, that is serving): The bishop is responsible for the pastoral care of the diocesan community, the first of the servants of the people of God and thus the kingdom of God
- Prophetic feature (teaching): The bishop is the teacher of the faith of the people of God entrusted to him, is designed to teach with authority the doctrine revealed by God
- Priest feature (making holy): presiding over the celebration of the sacraments, is an instrument of God for the sanctification of his people. It is his duty and responsibility to administer the sacrament of Holy Orders for the consecration of deacons, priests and bishops.
Episcopal Hierarchy Edit
Even among the bishops themselves there is a hierarchy: the highest rank is the Patriarch of the Empire, followed by that of Archbishop, the Bishop at the head of the Archdiocese, composed, in addition to the Metropolitan See, with one or more suffragan Dioceses. The Archbishop, in addition to Episcopal Clothing common to all Bishops, wears the pallium which is proper. Pallium and the Crosier can only be brought within its jurisdiction.
The bishops and archbishops have the right of being called "Your Excellency".
Titular Bishop Edit
A Titular Bishop is a bishop who is not in charge of a diocese. By definition a bishop is an "overseer" of a community of the faithful, so when a priest is ordained a Bishop the tradition is that he is ordained for a specific place. As there are more bishops than there are dioceses, a bishop who do not functionally head a diocese or archdiocese is given title of bishop. This is often (though not always) to a titular see, i.e. a diocese that no longer functionally exists o a dioces that has never functionally existed.
Examples of bishops belonging to this category are coadjutor bishops, auxiliary bishops, bishops emeriti, vicars apostolic, nuncios, superiors of departments in the Curia Patriarcalis. Occasionally, the transfer of a diocesan bishop to a titular see is used by the Holy See to strip of responsibilities a bishop whose behavior is disapproved. Titular Bishops hold the title to a titular see.
Diocesan bishops who resign their see or are transferred to a non-diocesan appointment are no longer habitually transferred to a titular see. Instead, they take the title Bishop Emeritus of the former see. Also, coadjutor are no longer named to titular sees, instead taking the title Coadjutor Bishop of the see they inherit.
Archbishop is the bishop who presides an Archdiocese. A diocese is an archdiocese where is the capital of an ecclesiastical province or region, or for reasons of history or prestige.
being archbishop instead of bishop does not indicate a further Holy Oder: the distinction is not sacred, but functional in the Church.
To indicate that the archbishop is in charge of a Metropolitan Archdiocese, and then an ecclesiastical province, is used the term "Metropolitan". In this case, the Archbishops are awarded with the Pallium and bring on their arms this symbol.
If an Archbishop is in charge of a Ecclesiastical Region, his title will become "Major Archbishop" with the same sacramental and heraldic privileges.
There can be archbishops who are not Metropolitan. This is generally due to three reasons:
- Archbishops of suppressed archdiocese, which still carry the title.
- Archbishops of the Diocese who have the status of archdiocese, though not being Metropolitan.
- Bishops who receive the title of archbishop ad personam, such as a title of prestige.
Every time an Archbishop is not Major or Metropolitan is not wearing the Pallium, which is a sign connected to the liturgical power. The emblem of the archbishop, therefore, will not have this symbol.
All the archbishops have a distinctive mark in their heraldry: the cords hanging from the green galero on both sides of the shield are four rows of ribbons (the simple bishops have only three, the Cardinals five) and the cross is double.
The Cardinals are in Imperial Christian Church, a College of Bishops who are called together and collectively, to cooperate with the Patriarch of the Empire in his capacity as pastor of the whole Church. The choir dress of cardinals is purple-red, to symbolize the willingness even to martyrdom, and the galero, red, is part of the coat of arms. The Cardinals together form the College of Cardinals and their meetings are called Consistories. The Sacred College of Cardinals has 200 members. The Patriarch of the Empire appoints a cardinal in the Consistory. The cardinals are divided into three orders:
- Cardinals Bishops. They are the senior rank of the College of Cardinals. There are always seven.
- Cardinal Priests. They are the second rank. They are always ninety-three.
- Cardinal Deacons. They are the lowest rank. They are an hundred in number.
In the Archdioceses whose owners have traditionally been created Cardinals, the archbishops do not "receive the purple" if predecessor is still alive and is Cardinal. The same city can not have two cardinals at the same time.
The diocese is a portion of the Christian community in a defined along functional or territorial basis and entrusted to the pastral care of a bishop. In a large diocese may be appointed auxiliary bishops to help the titular bishop.
Territorial Abbey Edit
The Territorial Abbey is a form of particular Church, equivalent to the Diocese. It is defined through its territory, and because of an abbey or monastery. The largest and most important abbeys extend its influence outside the monastery walls, covering fields, possessions and even small villages in which dwell the people working in the funds or other assets of the abbey. All this territory and these people are excluded from the authority of the near Bishops and the diocese and make direct reference to the abbey and abbot. Then the mitred abbot of an territorial abbey must:
- Rule the life of the abbey, the relationship between the monks, domestic issues;
- Direct parishes and priests of the territory which is part of the abbey land, just like a Bishop who heads the Diocese.
The Vicars Edit
A diocese has a vicar-general, who, where there is no auxiliary Bishop, is the first collaborator of the bishop and his representative in his absence. In each diocese there may be various episcopal vicars, to whom the bishop entrust the animation and coordination of some particular aspects: the pastoral, religious life, evangelization, etc. The figure of the judicial vicar is required under the Code of Canon Law, as head of the diocesan tribunals. The whole of Vicars and Bishop make up the Episcopal Council.
Auxiliary diocesean bodies Edit
The bishop can be assisted in his pastoral function by other bodies.
- The Diocesan Pastoral Council: is an advisory body with whom the bishop draws the basic lines of the diocesan pastoral.
- The Diocesan Curia: is the set of diocesan commissions, offices and people who work with the bishop in pastoral care and guidance of the whole diocese. Under this name covered a wide range of offices, committees, pastoral centers, which are not strictly provided for in canon law, but are left to the discretion of the individual dioceses. Bodies are in fact present in each curia, and the goal is to coordinate and develop the diocesan pastoral areas and in different areas of life, and those typically Church (liturgy, catechesis ...), both civil and social (school , work ...). The Curia provides some mandatory offices and facilities.
- The Diocesan Treasurer: Its job is to prepare the final budget of the diocese and submit it for approval by the Council for Economic Affairs, to administer the assets of the diocese to follow the instructions given by the Bishop and the Board. The Treasurer can be secular and must stand for honesty and be expert in economics. He remains in office for five years, renewable for the next five years.
- The Diocesan Chancellor: His specific task is to write all the acts and documents necessary to the work of the curia and the care of the diocese, to make public faith with his own signature, to keep in, to produce these documents to anyone who fairly request them. If appropriate, may be appointed a Vice-Chancellor of the Diocese and Diocesan Notaries, will assist the chancellor in his office and share the duties.
- In the curia must have an Archive, locked: only the bishop and the chancellor will have the key of the archive. The archive can be further divided into three sections:
- The current archive, where they must keep all documents relating to the matters of the diocese, its inventory with a short summary of each document this, and a copy of the lists of individual archives present in all the churches of the diocese;
- The historical archive, to documents of historical value and those relating to institutions, people and events now extinct;
- The secret archive, which can be a simple wardrobe in the archive, in turn locked: the key of the secret archive can be possessed only by the Bishop. In the secret archive there are all sensitive documents, as related to people's lives.
- Documents relating to criminal cases of the ecclesiastical court
- The secret marriages registry
- The dispensations from impediments and irregularities for Holy Orders
- The procedures of the loss clerical status and dismissals from religious institutes.
- In each diocese should be made to the Council for Economic Affairs: it is composed of at least three faithful laymen, distinguished by their integrity, economic and law experts. Its members are appointed by the Bishop every five years and can not be chosen from among the relatives of the Bishop, to avoid interference and blatant conflicts of interest. The main task of the Council for Economic Affairs is to approve the final budget of revenue and expenditure of the Diocese and to draw up the budget for the coming year.
- The Diocesan Tribunal, as required by the Code of Canon Law, handles cases of marital nullity and legal proceedings against members of the clergy before they pass to any examination of the courts of another degree. In particular, the diocesan tribunal to pronounce:
- On the bond of sacred ordination and charges attached to it
- On the bond of marriage
- On the crimes that may involve the penalty of dismissal from the clerical state
- In order to impose or declare the excommunication.
- The Cathedral Chapter and the college of priests who worship at the cathedral.
Pastoral Area Edit
A Pastoral Area is an ecclesiastical ministry which a diocese can be divided in. It includes a few parishes similar and homogeneous in terms of social and pastoral features. The pastoral zoning is functional to organization of joint activities between the various parishes in order to make the best use of resources or to front the shortage of priests. The task of the pastoral area can be summarized in three points:
- Organization and coordination of pastoral activities and care;
- Inclusion of a unified pastoral diocesan parishes;
- Specialization of priests in a specific field of pastoral care and to adopt appropriate pastoral methods.
The pastoral area is headed by a Bishop Vicar, which can also be called Bishop's Delegate. If in the diocese there is a shortage of priests, an individual priest can be assigned to more parishes within the same pastoral area. In some dioceses the pastoral areas are further divided into or vicariates. The smaller dioceses do not have a subdivision in pastoral areas.
The Parish is a definite community of the faithful stably established within a diocese, whose pastoral care is entrusted, under the authority of the Bishop, a Parson as its proper pastor. It is solely the bishop to erect, suppress or alter parishes. The legitimately erected parish has juridic personality by the law itself.
The Parish is a community of believers, which is an ecclesiastical district where the Bishop sends one of his priests for the care of souls that are in that territory, with a view to evangelization and pastoral work. The Parish consists of all the faithful in a particular territory, and is stabilized as located within a diocese.
The Parish is established by the diocesan Bishop through a decree, which contains parish boundaries. The act of erection makes the lawfully made parish a public and ecclesiastical juridical personality. The parish, from that moment, becomes the subject of rights and duties.
Each Parish is entrusted to the pastoral care of a Parson. The basic requirements for a Parson are: to be in communion with the Church, being a priest, not a legal person, must be distinguished for sound doctrine and integrity of morals, with zeal for the next one.
The Parson may be assisted by one or more Parish Vicars, who share the same responsibilities as the Parson. There may also be one or more Parish Collaborators who work for the celebration of the Eucharist, administering the sacrament of reconciliation, anointing of the sick and visit. Both the Parish Staff Parish Vicars must be priests too.
In every parish the Parson is assisted and supported by:
- A Parish Pastoral Council, whose members are appointed by the pastor and lay members of law which sonoi priests, deacons and religious who serve in the parish. The Parish Pastoral Council is designed to assist the Parson in the formulation and implementation of large lines of parish ministry. The Council has only a consultative vote.
- A Council for Economic Affairs, also appointed by the pastor. It helps the Parson in the administration of goods of the parish.
An Archdiocese is a Diocese whose Ordinary bears the title of Archbishop. The Ordinary who heads an Archdiocese is always an Archbishop (called Archbishop Metropolitan), while an Archbishop does not always head an Archdiocese. Some Archbishops lead "simple" Dioceses and enjoy the Archbishop's rank in a personal capacity, by permission of the Holy Patriarchal See. Correctly are called Archbishops-Bishops. All Dioceses which are at the head of an Ecclesiastical Province are Archdioceses.
The Imperial Military Ordinariate is an Archdiocese with particular characteristics: it is not the territory but the service to characterize this reality.
They are members of the Military Ordinary:
- The military personnel
- The civil service of the Armed Forces, their families, relatives and servants living
- Students of Military Schools and Academies
- The patients, employees at military hospitals, homes for the elderly and the like
- All the faithful Jinavians permanently carrying out their duties for Military Ordinary or with his consent.
Military Chaplains are classified militarily, equivalent to grades of official rank, and live with the military.
Ecclesiastical Province Edit
An Ecclesiastical Province is a unit of religious government consisting of the archdiocese's dependency on smaller dioceses, called "suffragan". The authority of the Archbishop on the suffragan sees is limited: during a vacant seat the Archbishop Metropolitan may appoint a temporary administrator if the Board of Consultants fails to elect one within a given time.
The Ecclesiastical Province corresponds to Governorate.
Ecclesiatical Region Edit
The ecclesiastical region is an institution of the Church; the Ecclesiastical Region includes more Ecclesiastical Provinces close to each other. The creation or deletion of Regions, as well as changes to the boundaries, are in the responsibility of the Holy See. The Ecclesiastical Regions correspond to the Regional Ethnic Communities and the Imperial Regions. The Heads of Ecclesiastical Regions are called Archbishops Major or, if the Ecclesiastical Region has a particular Rite, Patriarchs.
Both Archbishops Major and Patriarchs enjoy of an high degree of autonomy. Both are elected by the Bishops of their Regions and their titles are both strictly bound to a particular see. Both Archbishops Major and Patriarchs bear the title of His Beatitude and wear the pallium. Heads of Ecclesiastical Regions are subordinated to the Patriarch of the Empire.
Archbishops Major enjoy same prerogatives of those enjoyed by Patriarchs and, as Patriarchs, they are elected by the Regional Synods: however, while Patriarchs only have to receive the Acknowledgment from the Patriarch of the Empire, Archbishops Major have to receive a Confirmation. This difference is justified by the fact that the Aknowlodgement follows the principles of non-interference between rites: a Patriarch is an Archbishop Major who heads a particular ritual minority which is worth to be protected. However, both Archbishops and Patriarchs have the same position, powers and duties within the Church.
In the Church the treatment of "His Beatitude" is for the Patriarchs and Archbishops Major, who hold it even after the appointment of Cardinal. It is to note that it is a very uncommon sight a Patriarch or an Archbishop Major who is not a Cardinal.
Regional Synod Edit
A Regional Synod is a council of an Ecclesiastical Region, convened to decide a minor issue of doctrine or an issue of administration or application. Synods are the primary vehicle for election of Archbishops Major and Patriarch or establishment of Ecclesiastical Region major laws.
The Regional Synods are permanent bodies consisting of all the bishops of an Ecclesiastical Region and those equivalent to diocesan bishops in law. While Provincial and diocesan synods may only issue supplementary legislation when authorized to do so in canon law or by decree of the Holy See, Regional Synods have full legislative powers in their areas of competence: however, major changes require a two-thirds vote of the Synod and review by the Holy See to have the force of law. Without such review, episcopal conferences are deliberative only and exercise no authority over their member bishops or dioceses.
A Cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical prelate, an ordained Bishop, and ecclesiastical Prince of the Jinavian Church. They are collectively known as the College of Cardinals, which as a body elects a new Patriarch of the Empire. The duties of the cardinals include attending the meetings of the College and making themselves available individually or collectively to the Patriarch of the Empire if he requests their counsel. Most cardinals have additional duties, such as leading a major Diocese or Archdiocese or running a department of the Holy See. In the Archdioceses whose holders are traditionally cardinals the archbishop, who has his predecessor still living and cardinal, does not receive the purple. The same city cannot have two cardinals.
Cardinals' other main function is electing the Patriarch of the Empire whenever the seat becomes vacant. During the sede vacante, the period between a Patriarch of the Empire's death and the election of his successor, the day-to-day governance of the Church as a whole is in the hands of the College of Cardinals. The right to enter the conclave of cardinals who elect the Patriarch of the Empire is now limited to those who are not over 80 years old on the day of the Patriarch of the Empire's death or resignation.
Cardinals constitute a college of bishops who are summoned and required together and collectively, to cooperate with the Patriarch of the Empire in his capacity as pastor of the Church.
The choir dress of Cardinals is to purple-red, to symbolize the willingness even to martyrdom. The Galero, red, is part the coat of arms.
The style of "His Eminence" is in use as the official style or standard of address in reference to a Cardinal of the Jinavian Church, reflecting his status as a Prince of the Church. A longer, and more formal, title is "His (or Your when addressing the cardinal directly) Most Reverend Eminence". The cardinals of noble origins are addressed "His Most Illustrious and Most Reverend Eminence".
Patriarchs and Archbishops Majors who are also Cardinals are addressed as "His Beatitude".
Holy College of Cardinals Edit
The cardinals together form the College of Cardinals and their meeting is called Consistory. The Holy College of Cardinals has 200 members. The Patriarch of the Empire appoints the Cardinals during a Consistory. Cardinals are divided into three orders:
- Cardinal Bishops. They are the first rank of the College of Cardinals. There are always seven.
- Cardinal Priests. They are the second rank. They ninety-three.
- Cardinal deacons. They are the lowest rank. They are a hundred.
Patriarch of the Empire Edit
The Patriarch of the EMpire is the Archbishop of Saint Basilsburg and the leader of the Jinavian Church. In the Jinavian Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Emmanuel, the "Sacerdos-et-Pontifex", one of the twelve Saint Founders. The current office-holder is Patriarch Kyrill III, who was elected in a Conclave on 8 March 2001.
His ecclesiastical jurisdiction is often called the "Holy See", as for the Pope of the Catholic Church, which the Jinavian Church is in fair communion with.
Monarchical episcopate Edit
The Patriarch is recognized as a successor to Saint Emmanuel, whom Jesus named as the "God's Herald" and "Pontifex" of the Jinavian Church at the time of the Imperial Foundation. Emmanuel never bore the title of "patriarch", but Jinavians traditionally recognize him as the first Patriarch.
Holy See Edit
The Holy See is the episcopal jurisdiction of the Jinavian Church in Saint Basilsburg. Since Saint Basilsburg is the preeminent episcopal see of the Church, it contains the central government of the Church, including various agencies essential to administration. The Holy See acts and speaks for the whole Jinavian Church, although it is not recognized as a sovereign entity. The Holy See is not the same entity as the Patriarch's Own Realm.
Curia Patriarcalis Edit
The Curia Patriacalis is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See and the central governing body of the entire Jinavian Church, together with the Patriarch of the Empire. It coordinates and provides the necessary central organization for the correct functioning of the Church and the achievement of its goals.
It is normal for every diocese to have its own curia for its administration. For the Diocese of Saint Basilsburg, these functions are not handled by the Curia Patriacalis, but by the Regency General of His Holiness for the City of Saint Basilsburg. The Regent General of Saint Basilsburg, traditionally a Cardinal, and his deputy the Vicegerent, who holds the personal title of Archbishop, supervise the governance of the diocese by reference to the Patriarch himself, but with no more dependence on the Roman Curia, as such, than other Catholic dioceses throughout the world.
The offices of the Patriarch's Own Realm are not part of the Curia Patriarcalis, which is composed only of offices of the Holy See.
Patriarch's Own Realm Edit
The Patriarch's Own Realm is a landlocked suzerain city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the Holy Empire of Jinavia, within the Governorate of Saint Basilsburg. It has an area of 100 hectares (247.105 acres), and a population of 2,000.
Patriarch's Own Realm is an ecclesiastical state, ruled by the Patriarch of the Empire. The highest state functionaries are all clergymen. It is the territory of the Holy See (Sancta Sedes) and the location of the Patriarch's residence, referred to as the Emmanuel's Palace.
Institutes of Consecrated Life Edit
The Imperial Christian Church, according to the canons of the Catholic Church, defines an Institute of Consecrated Life as a society constitued by ecclesiastical authority composed of persons of the same sex who profess public vows of poverty, chastity and obedience.
The institutions are divided into religious and secular. If the institute of consecrated life is made up of men can be priests and lays. The institutes of consecrated life are divided into:
- Religious orders, whose members practice the common life;
- Secular institutes, whose associates are living "in the world".
The Church includes all the institutes of consecrated life through the Prefecture for the Congregations. The Congregations are governed each by a Superior General, which has jurisdiction over the whole congregation and is answerable to the Patriarch of the Empire through to the Prefect for the Congregations. The Superior-General may bear a different title, depending on the Congregation. Each of the 12 Congregations is composed of many religious orders, secular institutes and institutes of consecrated life in general, related to each other.
The Prefecture is located in the monastery of Christ Pantocrator, Saint Basilsburg: it is the see of the meetings of the twelve Superiors General at the General Chapter of the Empire, chaired by the Prefect.